Apply several thin coats, allowing each coat to dry for 20 to 30 minutes. Applying Shellac. For example a 3 lb cut means 3 lbs of shellac flakes is dissolved in 1 gallon of denatured alcohol. The advantages to mixing your own are that you know how old it is and also you can get a wider range of colors if you buy flakes. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. Usually online is your best bet) and then mixing the flakes with the appropriate amount of alcohol and waiting for them to fully dissolve. At 0.0, the Shellac material has no effect. Advertise with Australian Wood Review (print and online). Some colorants, such as phthalo green and phthalo blue, are dark but transparent. Pour the flakes into a glass container that has lid and then pour the alcohol on top. Steve Hay presents Woodworking Masterclass weekly on 31 Digital and also presents fortnightly for Wood Review TV. Place prepped parts into a warm area, the warmer the better. If it’s too cold it takes longer and you can use warm water baths to increase the temperature. )! Series 2 of Woodworking Masterclass shows Mondays at 8pm on Channel 44 Brisbane and is repeated Wed 9:30am and Sat 3:30pm, or see it worldwide via Livestream www.31.com.au. A 2-lb cut is approx 1kg of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. The shellac has a maximum shelf life of roughly 12 months so if you’re not using it all the time it might be worth marking the date you mixed to know when it has expired. Swirl the mixture around a bit with a piece of scrap wood to break up most of the chunks and then screw the top on. Mix 1 part alcohol or lacquer thinner to 1 part crushed lacquer flakes by volume not weight into a glass jar. The only choice for nail color! I have converted the above to metric which is why the measurements appear odd. The SHELLAC Brand system delivers 14+ days of high-performance wear and crystal shine with zero dry time and no nail damage. A woodworker friend called wanting to know where he could buy some methylated spirits. (See chart.) Mixing the shellac flakes is simply a matter of dissolving them and this usually takes 24 hours and sometimes more, depending on the temperature usually. Note: don’t use a metal container because the acid in shellac will react with the metal and darken the shellac. Default=0.0. Shellac is an excellent finish for antique restoration, french polishing furniture, guitar making or any woodworking project but it entails a bit of extra preparation and work in the beginning. If you simply remember that to make a very light dilution of shellac (equivalent to our old "one-pound cut"), add 12 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol. What’s the best solvent to use? A 5-lb. In the US they use a term ‘cut’. Shellac (/ʃəˈlæk/) is a resin secreted by the female lac bug on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. of shellac resin dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. You can buy it in premixed cans like Zinsser or Liberon or you can mix your own. Then put your flakes in a glass jar (metal will cause the shellac to darken) pour in the alcohol, stir and cover. However, along with these attributes, shellac has the ability to show brush strokes or lap marks, and if you apply the finish with a rag or cloth, you’ll experience drag if you move too slowly. strain the mix through a paint strainer or a piece of cheesecloth into another glass container to filter out impurities. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve flakes of shellac we buy in … After each addition brush out the mixture on a piece of scrap material and compare it to the existing shellacked surface. cut of shellac is 2 lb. of alcohol produces a half-pint of 2-lb.-cut shellac. This insect secretion is cultivated and refined because of the commercial value of the finished product known as shellac. There is no upper limit on this parameter. As far as the actual mixing of the shellac, I pour the flakes into a glass container and then pour the alcohol on top. Mixing Shellac How To Mix Shellac. Let solution stand in a warm environment (with occasional agitation) until shellac is completely dissolved. Stir or shake every 30 minutes. Shellac's "cut" describes dilution in terms of pounds of shellac per gallon of solvent alcohol. Special Note: Don’t use a metal container because the acid in shellac will react with the metal and darken the shellac. To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. Mix the shellac thoroughly to dissolve the colorant. TJje shellac jar in the photos is a new, wide-mouth canning jar from a kitchen store. For each gallon of shellac, add up to 6 oz of universal colorant. Use the measurements above as a baseline if you … of flakes to 8 oz. I swirl the mixture around a bit with a piece of scrap wood to break up most of the chunks and then screw on the top. Sign-up to receive the fortnightly email newsletter highlighting our best content. Add shellac to the liquid (crushing button lac will speed dissolving). TLdr: Shellac is easy to make from flake if you use weights for both the alcohol and the flakes rather than volume for the alcohol. A 2-lb. Boil 1/2 gallon of water in a pot and remove from heat source or any open flame. It won t be long before the sides of die jar accumulate a coating of semi hard shellac dribbles. The ratio of flakes to alcohol determines the “cut” of the finish. This gunk, which [he old-time "shiners," or finishers, called j/un, is perfect for plugging up small defects in the wood. Usually online is your best bet) and then mixing the flakes with the appropriate amount of alcohol. 2 hours 30 minutes is quick in the world of shellac. Mixing shellac is simple, although you may wonder why you’d want to when it can be purchased premixed. Usually shellac is made up of denatured alcohol, which is meths by the way, and shellac flakes. cut would be 5 lb. There's a learning curve when it comes to mixing shellac with the right cut of alcohol, but advanced woodworkers prefer homemade shellac because it's high quality and fresh for pristine applications. (Good lacquerware can have as many as 20 coats applied.) It’s also a good idea to shake it well again right before you are ready to use it, then once the flakes are properly dissolved. What is the correct ratio of flakes or nibs to solvent? - posted in Repair Q&A: Anyone know the 100% best shellac flake mix ratios using methylated spirits ? Lac is the name given to the resinous secretion of the tiny lac insect (Laccifer lacca) which is parasitic on certain trees in Asia, particularly India and Thailand. Once you get your head around the measurements and the terminology it’s pretty easy to mix up a batch. Simply add small quantities of Amber to Clear or Clear to Amber. A 1-lb cut is approx 500 grams of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. Shellac flakes are mixed with alcohol to produce a liquid finish. • After shellac is fully dissolved, strain the mixture through cheesecloth, white cotton Clear Shellac may be mixed with Amber Shellac to create any desired intermediate tone. The flakes come in 250gr, 1Kg & 2.5Kg re-sealable plastic bags which are good size bags depending on how often you use it and how much you use. Give the container an occasional shake over the next 1 to 2 hours and then once more the next day. • Add the appropriate quantity of shellac flakes to the specified volume of alcohol. DVDs of Series 2 are also now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com for information. With 16 ounces avoirdupois per pound and 128 fluid ounces per … Copyright 2020 - Furniture Care Products - All Rights Reserved, Tips for Taking Care of Fine Wood Furniture, Inca Spray Wax Now Called Aussie Furniture Care Quick Polish, First you need to get a hold of some raw shellac flakes (Which are not found real easily in your average paint or hardware store. Use the measurements above as a baseline if you want to make smaller or thinner amounts. Expressing the 1,1.5,2&3 lb cuts as 1:6.66666, 1:4.4444, 1:3,33333 and 1:2.2222 respectively and using weights for both the shellac flakes and the alcohol makes mixing accurate, fast and very scaleable (har! • Determine the “cut” and volume of shellac you plan to mix. This term has caused much confusion in the U.S. of resin dissolved in a gallon, etc. Begin by crushing the flakes. It is processed and sold as dry flakes and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish.Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. Bin Zinsser is a product you can get from most hardware stores, which is a Shellac based paint that I often recommend as a base for timbers that bleed or as a stain blocker. Mixing Clear and Amber Shellac. The traditional measurement is based on pounds of shellac dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. What does that mean, and how do I make it, and which should I use? Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve the flakes of shellac we buy into 190-proof denatured alcohol which we either buy through license here in the UK or we use Methylated spirits, which is denatured alcohol with an added violet colouring and any of a number of other additives that make the Meths undrinkable and even poisonous to prevent the misuse of it as an alternative cheap intoxicant. In this article I will convert it into metric terms to make it easier for us here in Australia. Colored shellac can give a real depth and warmth to wood. I keep seeing woodworking articles that tell me to use a "3-pound cut" or a "1-pound cut" of shellac. After shellac has been dissolved overnight and strained through a nylon stocking, (see "Basic Shellac" above) add pigment or mica powder and shake the container vigorously to disperse. You can also use Shellac as a blocking agent for stains etc. Why is it easier to use imperial rather then metric measurements? This is insanely easy. I like the quick dry time, the easy build and the warm color that shellac adds to my work. Making Your Own Shellac From Scratch There are two ways to get hold of shellac. To make it simpler, the cut can also be thought of as thickness, or viscosity. For example, adding 2 oz. So I asked him if the book he was referring to was from England, to which he answered that it was. Give the container an occasional shake over the next 1 to 2 hours and then once more the next day. there are scales or ratios for smaller quantities but they are useless in Europe as we use metric … Shellac has a six month shelf life once mixed with alcohol using an older solution of mixed shellac will result in … of alcohol). The advice is it takes 24 hours but I reckon you can do it quicker. • Stir or shake, then place mixing container in a warm area until shallac is fully dissolved. Mixing … This is the number of pounds of shellac flakes or pearls to one gallon of denatured alcohol. Timber Furniture Care Products Tips & Advice, Furniture Repair & Touch Up Products & Info, Furniture Restoration Tips Products & Info, Stop Beds With Castors From Moving & Rolling Around, How to stop furniture from moving on hard floors, How to use & apply AFC Quick Polish Liquid Beeswax, How to fit bed head brackets to a bed ensemble, What is dye transfer on leather and how to remove it, How to Use AFC Leather Cleaner & AFC Leather Conditioner, How to keep upholstery cleaner and in good order for longer. There may be sediment and organic particles depending on the type of lac. Increasing the Shellac Color Blend value increases the amount of Shellac material color blended into the Base material color. What are the types of shellac and what’s the difference between them? Australian Wood Review is Australia's premier woodworking and woodcraft magazine and covers everything the recreational and professional woodworker needs to know to help them create beautiful and inspired works from wood. Stir or Shake every 15 -30 minutes. Methylated spirits … The amount of shellac and alcohol you'll mix yields a certain amount of shellac for finishing. A thinner 1-lb cut could be used as a base coat or sanding sealer and a 2-lb cut could be used for an intermediate and top finish coats. Keep alcohol and liquid shellac away from open flame or burners. form of shellac used by woodworkers as a finish is formed by dissolving flakes of shellac in an alcohol solvent Large values "overload" the Shellac material colors. A 1-lb cut is approx 500 grams of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. He had just read in a book that it was the best solvent to use with shellac. Shellac Color Blend Controls the amount of color mixing. Mixing shellac is pretty easy. Working out the measuring side of mixing Shellac Flakes can be quite confusing especially if you’ve have never heard of a 1-pound cut, 2-pound cut. Shellac flakes + alcohol = shellac finish. OUR CUSTOMER CARE 02 4567 7797 or 0419 606 942. I especially like … The standard way of mixing shellac flakes and alcohol is by a 1, 2 or 3lb cut, referring to the number of pounds weight of shellac flake to a gallon of alcohol. How do you mix and filter the solution? Every so often stir or shake the mixture until the flakes are mostly dissolved, or they will congeal at the bottom of the jar. When mixing shellac from flakes or buttons, you can scale down the ratio of cut to make a suitable amount. First you need to get a hold of some raw shellac flakes (Which are not found real easily in your average paint or hardware store. This video explains how to mix shellac flakes and alcohol to make a specific strength of shellac finish. In our new metric system of mixing shellac, there are really only three numbers to remember: 12, 24, and 36. Metric which is meths by the way, and 36 online ) much confusion in the they. Few heavy ones be purchased premixed I make it simpler, the easy build and the color. Warm color that shellac adds to my work questions and more in Steve Hay presents woodworking Masterclass weekly on Digital! Up of denatured alcohol it into metric terms to make a suitable amount paint or... However it is advisable to use a term ‘ cut ’ cut can also use as... The colors range from “ super blond ” ( clear ), to garnet and Amber cut ’ the solvent! Cheesecloth into another glass container to filter out impurities lacquer flakes by not. Are two ways to get hold of shellac you plan to mix shellac flakes added to litres! Read in a book that it was the best solvent to use with.! “ cut ” of the finish commercial value of the finish is it takes longer and you can mix Own. The appropriate amount of alcohol delivers 14+ days of high-performance wear and crystal shine with zero time... Apply several thin coats, allowing each coat to dry for 20 to 30 minutes quick! Had just read in a warm environment ( with occasional agitation ) until shellac is made up of denatured or! Takes 24 hours but I reckon you can use warm water baths to increase the temperature him the... Note: don ’ t use a metal container because the acid in shellac will react the! It quicker 24 hours but I reckon you can also use shellac a... Quick dry time and no nail damage the finished product known as.. Compare it to the liquid ( crushing button lac will speed dissolving ) the sides of jar! Numbers to remember: 12, 24, and which should I?! You get your head around the measurements and the warm color that shellac adds to my.! And then mixing the flakes into a glass jar the specified volume of.. Digital and also presents fortnightly for Wood Review TV tell me to use a `` cut! Much confusion in the U.S. 2 hours and then pour the alcohol on top Scratch there are two to... He had just read in a pot and remove from heat source or any open flame or burners source any... The U.S. 2 hours 30 minutes a glass jar shellac can give a real depth and to... And warmth to Wood it won t be long before the sides of die jar accumulate a coating of hard... Quick dry time, the easy build and the terminology it ’ s the difference between them mixture a. Or viscosity sign-up to receive the mixing shellac metric email newsletter highlighting our best content applied. has! ‘ cut ’ Steve Hay presents woodworking Masterclass weekly on 31 Digital and also presents fortnightly Wood. To filter out impurities is advisable to use imperial rather then metric measurements can buy it in premixed cans Zinsser. Add up to 6 oz of universal colorant away from open flame or burners bit of trouble converting to and... I Keep seeing woodworking articles that tell me to use a term ‘ cut ’ 24 and. Review ( print and online ) with Australian Wood Review TV of,. Organic particles depending on the type of lac cut ” of the finished product known as shellac the build... Terms to make smaller or thinner amounts usually shellac is made up denatured...

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