And with so many breeds out there, a few even have coats that make them look quite rug-like in appearance. Overall, though, these dogs are not particularly needy when it comes to grooming. Some even look similar to other animals including sheep. All living harlequin dogs have a harlequin gene and a non-harlequin gene. This unusual breed is also known as the “German collie.” However, they’re really from Australia — they’re not German at all! Though somewhat rare, Cardigan Welsh corgis occasionally display merle color patterns. Individuals sporting either a harlequin or merle pattern in their coat may be covered in spots both large and small. Homozygous embryonic lethal is also another condition that is associated with the Harlequin gene. The amount of deafness seems to depend on the breed as well. Kristin Hitchcock is a contributing writer at K9 of Mine, educating pet owners through her writing. The harlequin gene is a dominant gene. Seven Fascinating Dog Coat Color Patterns. 7 years Their base color is white, and they display a number of black spots and patches all over their bodies. And while there are only two, both are incredibly unique with a look and temperament all their own. In contrast, today the Great Dane is considered to be a friendly gentle giant. They are well-known for trying to crawl up in their person’s lap and sit on the couch (even when they’re taller than the couch). Another study by Strain yielded similar results. If a dog has a harlequin gene, it will appear in their coat coloration in most cases. They come in so many different sizes, shapes, and of course, colors. Still, a well socialized and trained Beauceron is a beautiful sight to behold. Your Harlequin Great Dane is the most favored coat color of the breed nowadays. These dogs can be loyal companions, though they need a great deal of exercise and aren’t the easiest dogs to manage. The Great Dane and the Beauceron are the only two breeds that display harlequin coats. Unlike other herding breeds that work close to the livestock, the Beauceron is known for working on the outer perimeter of the animals. Still, the combination of the collie’s beautiful locks and the merle pattern is quite a sight! Every Great Dane carrying the harlequin gene and the merle gene has a harlequin coat. The dog's... With so many breeds on the planet, it’s no surprise that canines come in a wide variety of different coat types. Fawn, Brindle, Black, Harlequin, Mantle, and Blue are the six standard colors recognized by the Great Dane Club of America. 18 min read A dog with the harlequin gene but no merle gene will just have a standard coat color. Since then, it has not only adapted to the extreme conditions but become Australia’s... One of the many wonderful things about dogs is that they come in all kinds of colors, sizes, and personalities. Kristin Hitchcock Merle dogs often look “marbled.” They have grey coloration alongside black spots. It is possible to find the collie in a merle coloration, though this is somewhat unusual. In Danes the harlequin is predominantly a … Harlequin dogs look striking and unique, but they’re unfortunately rare — the Great Dane and Beauceron are the only breeds that display this coloration. These dogs have large bodies weighing up to 175 pounds like other Great Dane. e.g. Border collies are typically black-and-white, but they do come in the merle flavor too. However, they can make great pets for experienced owners. These markings should not be excessively large so that they form a blanket, and the neck of the dog should be all-white or at least partially white in color. They are well known for becoming very excited, especially with people they know. However, we don’t know precisely what “immune problems” these dogs may have. They’re also quite patient and will put up with a lot from children, but that doesn’t mean you should leave them unsupervised with small two-footers. These dogs were bred to work, so they have significant amounts of energy. We discuss some of the most notable health problems in harlequin and merle dogs below. Most harlequin Great Danes are as healthy as any other Great Dane. There are a few ways to distinguish these two similar breeds, but the easiest is to simply look for a tail; the Cardigan Welsh corgi has one, while Pembroke Welsh corgi does not. The best part about dogs is that there's a breed out there for every kind of person. Harlequin dogs exhibit a unique coat pattern. The Great Dane and the Beauceron are the only two breeds that display harlequin coats. It can be said that the harlequin coat pattern is related to the merle pattern. Harlequin dogs have white between the darker patches of merle. This is because any puppy that inherits no harlequin genes will look like a typical doggo, and those who inherit two harlequin genes will not develop properly — it is a fatal gene combination. 08 of 14. Merles usually ha… Because of that, it’s definitely possible that the cause for these issues is not related to the merle gene. However, these genes do not just affect their coloration – they can cause health problems as well. Koolies need a quick weekly brushing, but they don’t have any grooming needs besides that. Harlequin dogs are white with patches of black or grey throughout their body. Fawn Boxer Markings. Because of its huge size and power, the Great Dane needs proper training and socialization from an early age. One of the unfortunate facts about Great Danes is they do typically have a shorter lifespan than most other breeds, usually only from six to eight years. This finding was replicated in another study by Strain in the Veterinary Journal as well. Great Danes do shed seasonally, but their grooming needs are minimal. The gene that causes the harlequin coloration does not come without its health effects. Blue patches sometimes appear in the great Dane, but that's not a desirable shade in the breed. However, you do have to be very careful about the other dogs you breed them with. These patches really can’t be called “spots,” as they are often of varying sizes and shapes. The harlequin pattern is related to the merle coat pattern, and both involve similar genes. Merle dogs can look like Harlequin dogs, but they have different genetics and some apparent physical differences. This will help reduce the chances of ending up with a double-dominant doggo. However, there are many look-alike breeds with merle coats as well. These famous dog stars of the big screen are very active, so they only fit into active families — plan on exercising Collies plenty and providing regular, daily mental stimulation. The contrast created by these two opposite colors can really make for an eye-catching canine. The merle and harlequin genes are unfortunately linked with several health problems, so it is wise to educate yourself about their potential challenges before adding either to your family. Koolies are medium-sized and full of energy. button button The ... well-formed, smoothly muscled body. The one bearing the right coat with ideal color, patterns, and markings. One popular trait that many owners adore is tricolor dogs. There are very few genes that will hide it. Beaucerons are also big dogs, though they are a bit smaller than Great Danes. Germany. They don’t need to be brushed often due to their very short fur, and they only need baths a few times a year, or whenever they get dirty. Also, while some harlequin dogs are spotted all over, others may have what is called the “Irish spotting pattern.” This simply means they don’t have spots on their neck, chest, or belly. It is spotted, with the only difference being in the basic coat color. She believes harlequin in some collies results from a change in the DNA within or close to the merle gene. Just because some breeds were created in the same country, however, does not necessarily mean they will... Part of what makes dogs so charming is that no two dogs look exactly alike! So, if a dog even has one merle spot, assume he’s a merle. Real cows belong on the farm and don’t make great pets, however dogs that look like cows do! If you're searching for dogs that look like a carpet, you'll be surprised to find that there are quite a few breeds that fit the bill. It comes in several colors and patterns including fawn, black, blue, merle, brindle, and harlequin. So, you’ll need to be willing to provide them with at least 90 minutes of moderate exercise a day. The term “pit bull” is applied somewhat haphazardly, but it typically refers to the American pit bull terrier. Luckily, you can breed a harlequin dog with a canine that does not have this coat pattern and get some harlequin puppies, since the gene is dominant. It is believed to originally been introduced to the continent close to four thousand years ago by sea travelers. Some of these dogs have patches on their stomach and neck as well, while others do not. They are sweet and gentle, but they can still make great watch dogs. Beaucerons shed a lot and need to be brushed a few times a week, but they don’t need many baths, as their coats tend to stay pretty clean. They require a lot of work, but their focus and dedication are second to none. Because of the complexity that comes with breeding these dogs, you need to ensure you only acquire merle or harlequin dogs from knowledgeable breeders or shelters. This breed is not for novice owners and is often challenging to train. In a nutshell, fawn is a lighter brown color – almost like a milk chocolate color. 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